Compadrazgo, a Spanish word that literally translates to

co-fatherhood”, is based on a kinship ritual that is formed after a child gets baptized into the Roman Catholic faith.

For the predominantly Catholic and close-knit Philippine society, the go

dfather (known as the padrino) is part of one’s extended family and is expected to h

elp and protect his godchild. The godchild is expected to respect and be loyal to the padrino.

Bapakism is derived from the Indonesian word for “father”. When used

in Indonesian business, bapakism demands great respect and obedience to one’s supe

rior. The manager in his role as the company’s bapak is expected to look after and care for his employees.

Although Asian values are steeped in an ancient culture and tradition, it was

only in the 1990s that this concept drew global attention. This was partly due to Asian lead

ers like the late Singaporean prime minister Lee Kuan Yew’s and current Malaysian Pri

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With the 1,000-day countdown celebration comes a ne

ew stage of preparation for the Games,” said Chen Jining, mayor of Beijin

g and executive president of the 2022 Winter Olympics Organizing Committee. “We will end

eavor to deliver a fantastic, extraordinary and excellent Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games.”

The 1,000-day countdown — launched near the iconic Bird’s Nest and the

Water Cube, both 2008 venues — underlined Beijing’s focus on sustainability in prepa

ring a second time for an Olympic extravaganza by reusing existing resources built for the Summer Games.

According to the 2022 Winter Olympics organizing committee, 11 of the 13 v

enues needed in Beijing’s downtown, where all ice sports will be staged, will use existing faciliti

es built for 2008. Repurposing projects, such as transforming the Water Cube (which hosted swimming in 2008) into a

curling arena by filling the pool with steel structures and making ice on the surface, are well underway.

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At least 41 dead in Russian passenger plane fire

Russia’s Investigative Committee says 41 people died in fiery airliner accident at Moscow airport.

The Russian Superjet 100 was flying from Moscow to Murmansk when a fire broke out on board. Aeroflot Flight SU1492 ret

urned to Moscow’s Sheremetyevo Airport, making a hard landing, news agency Interfax reported.

“According to our data, more than 10 victims needed medical

care,” Tass news agency quoted a source in the medical services as saying.

Earlier, the regional emergency services reported six victims.

The plane reportedly took off from the Sheremetyevo airport at 18:00 local time (1500 GMT) and

made an emergency landing after circling over the Moscow region for about 40 minutes.

It was “engulfed in flames” before the emergency landing, Tass quoted a source as saying.

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Overall, the country’s industrial output grew 6.5 percent

year-on-year in the first quarter, compared with 5.7 percent in the previous quarter.

The ministry said more than two-thirds of enterprises it surveyed received ample orders to

keep factories busy after the Spring Festival break, also signifying an upward trend.

Qu Xianming, an expert at the National Manufacturing Strategy Advisory Committee, s

aid the sound performance in the first quarter is the result of improved market expecta

tions and it mirrors the resilience and sustainability of the country’s manufacturing sector.

“The central government said in March that it would slash the value-a

dded tax rate of 16 percent in manufacturing to 13 percent. Such an aggressive cut sends a strong

positive signal to companies, which has motivated them to accelerate production and intensify investment,” Qu said.

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Remaining poverty alleviation tasks are quite arduou

s, and government departments must make continuous efforts to ensure tasks are completed. Off

icials of poverty-stricken counties must keep a close eye on problems to ensure people can escape poverty.

The Party’s publicity work was also discussed. It’s the top political task to learn and publi

cize Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, the statement said. A

ll Party committees must pay great attention to publicity work and ensure the implementation of regulations.

A draft amendment to the Securities Law was submitted Saturday to a bimonthly session of

the National People’s Congress Standing Committee, China’s top legislature, for a third reading.

The latest revisions to the law include rules on the newly-devised science and technol

ogy innovation board, which will pilot a registration-based initial public offering (IPO) system.

Under the current IPO system, new shares are subject to approval from the China Securities Regulatory Commission before being listed.

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Azerbaijan sent a delegation to the first China Intern

ational Import Expo in Shanghai last November. “This kind of expo is extrem

ely important, and provides a chance for Azerbaijan to reach out to the Chinese ma

rket and establish contact with Chinese companies,” Hajiyev said, adding last year’s event was extremely helpf

ul to Azerbaijan and helped traders to understand the requirements and demands of the Chinese market.

Almost 50 percent of China’s trade with the Caucasus region are from

Azerbaijan, and Azerbaijan has invested $1.7 billion in Chinese securities. Current trade volu

me between China and Azerbaijan is above $1.5 billion, and Hajiyev believes there is sti

ll more to do to promote bilateral trade, as the two countries have very good relations.

Companies from the two countries are engaged in projects for the

petrochemical industry, and the two countries can touch upon o

ther strategic areas such as energy and communication, the foreign affairs head added.

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According to the Shanghai Municipal Commission of E

conomy and Informatization, the trade-in program targets the 603,000

vehicles complying with State-III emissions standards or below in this city.

Shanghai also encourages owners of public service vehicles — such as buses, sanitation vehi

cles, postal cars, taxis and light logistics vehicles — to replace their current vehicles with electric ones.

The city will improve auto financing, leasing and used car trading, as well as the construction of charging poles and hydrogen

refueling stations, to promote the use of new energy vehicles, the commission added.

The Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation G

roup (SAIC), China’s largest automobile manufacturer, has set up a 3 billion yuan fu

nd to support the trade-in program, with trade-in models limited to its Roewe, MG and Maxus brands.

A gasoline vehicle trade-in would enjoy a subsidy of 10,000 yuan per vehicle, while a new en

ergy vehicle trade-in would receive a subsidy of 15,000 yuan, the manufacturer said.

In fact, the group had lowered prices of its Roewe- and MG-branded

vehicles last month, in response to China’s VAT reduction policy that started April 1.

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The 142-km Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway, connec

cting the Indonesian capital Jakarta with Bandung, is now under construction, after China and

Indonesia signed an agreement in October 2015 to establish a joint venture to build and operate it.

As a part of the Belt and Road Initiative projects in Indonesia, the high-speed railway is th

e first to use China’s high-speed railway standards, technologies and equipment on a foreign line.

It being constructed and operated by a China-Indonesia consortium of firms led by China Railway Corp an

d Indonesian state-owned PT Wijaya Karya Tbk, and is to be funded mainly by loans from China Development Bank.

The high-speed rail, the first of its kind in Southeast Asia, will have a maximum design speed

of 350 km/h and is capable of transport passengers and goods within 45 minutes between Jakarta and Bandung.

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There has always been a fixation on Chinese economic grow

growth-and with good reason. China sustained an average annual growth rate of 10 percent from 1980 to 2011, unprece

dented for a large economy. Since 2012, however, the annual growth has slowed down with the Government Wor

k Report presented recently by Premier Li Keqiang setting a growth target of 6-6.5 percent for 2019.

For China doubters, this is a “gotcha” moment. After all, the premier’s grow

th target implies a 40 percent deceleration from the “miracle” trend. This seems to vin

dicate warnings of the dreaded “middle-income trap”-the tendency of fast-growing developing economies to re

vert to a much weaker growth trajectory just when they get their first whiff of prosperity.

The early work on this phenomenon was precise in terms of what to expect: as per capita inco

me moved into the $16,000-$17,000 range (in dollars at purchasing power parity in 2005), a sust

ained growth deceleration of around 2.5 percentage points can be expected. With China having hit that income thr

eshold in 2017, according to International Monetary Fund estimates, its post-2011 slowdown looks all the more ominous.

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Initially, it was not easy for the Jiangsu teachers

udents’ trust. Upon arrival, they were not only faced with the high altitude and thin

ner atmosphere, but also naughty students with a low level of basic knowledge.

Wang Qiming, a history teacher from Huai’an city, Jiangsu, said he experienced some friction when he taught his first class in 2015.

“The students knew less than those in Jiangsu. They didn’t behave well in class or listen to me, so if the situation had not been

handled carefully-if I had become impatient or irritated-the tension could have been harmful,” he said.

Wang decided to proceed slowly and adjust his schedule to match t

he students’ poor skills. He quickly realized that even the seniors sometimes acted like young chi

ldren and needed coaxing and incentives, which many local teachers overlooked.

“Many local teachers have problems. For example, when they teach a class, they may think th

at they have taught a lot at a slow pace with enough detail, and they get annoyed if students don’t remember. In

fact, you should give the children time to digest, sparing five minutes in each class to help them review the work,” he said.

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